Four Things to Consider If Your Well Isn't Pumping Enough Water

If you're not in a drought and your well is having problems keeping up with your water demands, you may find that there's an issue with the pump itself or that some other aspect of the well is at fault. Here are four things to consider if you find your well pumping water too slowly, shutting off unexpectedly, or simply running dry.

1. Well elevation and depth

The higher your well is placed in relation to the water table, the further it has to sink in order to reach a depth that will reliably produce water even through drought conditions and when water demand is high. This is why it's best to place a well in a relatively low area for the best water supply. If the well isn't placed in a relatively low area or simply isn't deep enough to access water year round, you can hire a professional to deepen the well.

2. Blockage in the machinery

Although you may filter your well water before drinking it, it can still come up from the ground with particles and contaminants that may eventually clog some aspect of the well machinery, such as the pipes that supply your water after it's pumped out of the ground. This type of blockage frequently causes water supplies to diminish, decreasing available water pressure and making it difficult to access the water volumes you need.

3. Size of the pump motor

It's vital to calculate the right size of pump before sinking a well, but if you aren't the one who originally dug the well, there's no guarantee that it will live up to your water demands. You may find that you need to procure a larger motor or simply sink a second well to keep up with your needs. If you simply overwork your pump on a daily basis, its motor could eventually burn out.

4. Power surges

If your well has unaccountably shut off, it's worth checking the power supply before you call in a professional. Your motor may simply have gone offline due to a power surge or power loss. Private wells sometimes connect to the power supply in such a way that they aren't covered by your whole-house surge protector, meaning that they're still vulnerable to lightning strikes and other power spikes unless you install a designated surge protector for the pump.

These four issues may cause your well flow to quit suddenly, taper off gradually, or simply lose most of its pressure. If you can't figure out what the cause of your problem is or need advice on how to fix it, be sure to call in a professional such as Valley Pump Co for best results.